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Like the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese dances, described above, sumatran dancing too has developed in the course of time, accordance with the development of the society supporting it.

thrown over their shoulders. The dance discribes the relationship between a man and a woman and in the family, where the man, who is responsible for the woman, will always be her protector. There are also people who believe that the Umbrella Dance describes the efforts of a young man to win the girl of his dreams by showing his responsibility as a husband for his future wife. The men, carrying the umbrellas, move them to the left and to the right as they dance in their efforts to protect the heads of the women. The Umbrella Dance, then, is a Minangkabau dance with its characteristic dynamic and gay nature. The accompanying music consists of gendang,s or rebana,s with an accordion or piano.


The Serampang Duabelas Dance comes from East -Sumatra and is danced by men and women in pairs. R.O. Simatupang says in his book that the word serampang is sound variation of the word cerancang, which means parts or variations, and duabelas, twelve, indicating a rather large number. Accordingly, the Cerancang Dance, the name of. which has been changed into Serampang Duabelas, is a Sumatran dance with several variations in its movements. The costumes are similar to those of the Umbrella Dance. Both men and women begin the dance with a slow rhythm, which gradually increases in speed, the dancers all smiling in enjoyment. Like the Umbrella Dance, the Serampang Duabelas Dance is a love-dance, or a social dance enabling men and women to know each other better.



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This dance describes the love between an. ordinary man and a nymph from heaven, the story being similar to the Jakatarub story in Java and.the Rajapala.story in Bali.
The story of the Mak Inang Pulau Kampai Dance is as follows;

A nymph from heaven is bathing in a mountain lake. While she bathes in the cool, clear water a young man who has fallen in love with her, steals her clothes. Having bathed to her heart's content, she goes ashore to get dressed, but is -shocked to find that her clothes are not there. Hiding herself, she sobs her heart out. At that moment the handsome young man approaches her and says that the clothes are with him, and that he will return them, provided she is willing to be his wife. As there is no other alternative to accepting his proposal, she agrees. It turns out, however, that she too is attracted by the handsome young man. After the clothes have. been returned the couple occupy themselves by dancing near the lake. Then the nymph tells her lover that it is time for her to return to heaven, and hopes that they will meet again the next day. She then flies up into the air, the young man sadly trying to prevent her from going.


The Empat Serangkai Dance is a peasant dance from North Sumatra. It is called Empat Serangkai because. the choreography combines four kinds of dances from North Sumatra. It describes the peasants from North Sumatra cultivating the land. First the dancers imitate the movements of peasants cultivating the land, next planting rice, then weeding, and finally, harvesting the rice. This kind of dance, as previously explained is also very populer in Bali and West Java.


The Galuah Dance (the Coconut Shell Dance) is a new dance from West. Sumatra. It describes the joy of coconut-planting in West Sumatra. The coconut planters, who have succeeded in picking an enormous number of coconuts, dance joyously, holding two coconut shells in each hand. As they dance their coconut shells are rapidly